(as of Nov 20,2020 18:11:48 UTC – Details)
►Sorbitol, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly. It can be obtained by reduction of glucose, which changes the converted aldehyde group to a primary group.
►Most sorbitol is made from potato starch, but it is also found in nature, for example in apples, pears, peaches, and prunes.
► It is converted to fructose by sorbitol-6-phosphate 2-dehydrogenase. Sorbitol is an isomer of mannitol, another sugar substance; the two differ only in the orientation of the hydroxyl group on carbon
► While similar, the two sugar substances have very different sources in nature, melting points, and uses.
►Sorbitol is a sugar substitute, and when used in food it has the INS number and E number 420. Sorbitol is about 60% as sweet as sucrose (table sugar). Sorbitol is referred to as a nutritive sweetener because it provides dietary energy
Sorbitol occurs naturally in a variety of berries and fruits (e.g., apples and blackberries).
Sorbitol is also commercially produced and is the most commonly used polyol in the U.S.
Sorbitol is found in diet products, chewing gum, candy, frozen ice treats, and some medicines.